Loki definition is - a Norse god who contrives evil and mischief for his fellow gods. It was evident to all that Loki had lost. Jackson Crawford is Instructor of Nordic Studies and Nordic Program Coordinator at the University of Colorado Boulder (formerly UC Berkeley and UCLA). That night, the three gods stay with Hreidmar (the father of Regin, Andvari, and the now-dead Ótr) and show him their catches, including the skin of the otter. The notion of Loki survived into the modern period in the folklore of Scandinavia. In various poems from the Poetic Edda (stanza 2 of Lokasenna, stanza 41 of Hyndluljóð, and stanza 26 of Fjölsvinnsmál), and sections of the Prose Edda (chapter 32 of Gylfaginning, stanza 8 of Haustlöng, and stanza 1 of Þórsdrápa) Loki is alternatively referred to as Loptr, which is generally considered derived from Old Norse lopt meaning "air", and therefore points to an association with the air. The mare neighs at Svaðilfari, and "realizing what kind of horse it was", Svaðilfari becomes frantic, neighs, tears apart his tackle, and runs towards the mare. Prior to drinking, Loki declaims a toast to the gods, with a specific exception for Bragi. Norse Myths pronunciation guide Tales of Norse gods and heroes have been passed down in many countries for more than a thousand years. may flame play over them, , The name Hveðrungr (Old Norse '?roarer') is also used in reference to Loki, occurring in names for Hel (such as in Ynglingatal, where she is called hveðrungs mær) and in reference to Fenrir (as in Völuspa).. , While the three gods are at the falls, Ótr (in the form of an otter) catches a salmon and eats it on a river bank, his eyes shut, when Loki hits and kills him with a stone. Loki, in Norse mythology, a cunning trickster who had the ability to change his shape and sex.Although his father was the giant Fárbauti, he was included among the Aesir (a tribe of gods). The way many of the names are spelled and pronounced today varies in each country. Loki is in some sources the son of Fárbauti and Laufey, and the brother of Helblindi and Býleistr.  Discovered in 1870, the stone consists of yellowish-white sandstone, and now sits at the front of the Kirkby Stephen church. The poem begins with a prose introduction detailing that Ægir, a figure associated with the sea, is hosting a feast in his hall for a number of the gods and elves. In his study of Loki's appearance in Scandinavian folklore in the modern period, Danish folklorist Axel Olrik cites numerous examples of natural phenomena explained by way of Lokke in popular folk tradition, including rising heat. The earthquakes cause all four but Thor, who grips his hammer in preparation of defense, to be fearful. Þorgeirsson argues that the writer must have had information about the identification from either a tradition or that the author drew the conclusion based on the Prose Edda, as Snorri does not mention Lóðurr. Outside of the Norse, Loki doesn't exist at all. over the waves, and Loki steers He was the son of jötunn Fárbauti and Laufey; and sworn brother of Asgardian lord god Odin, despite being much younger than him. Loki tells Iðunn to be silent, calling her the most "man-crazed" of all women, and saying that she placed her washed, bright arms around her brother's slayer. Loki’s father was Fárbauti and his mother was Laufey. He is at least half-giant; however, some think he is full-giant but sneaked his way to becoming a god. Loki tells Beyla to be silent, that she is "much imbued with malice", that no worse woman has ever been among the "Æsir's children", and calling her a bad "serving-wench". Upon hearing this, Thor takes hold of his hammer and swings it at Útgarða-Loki but he is gone and so is his castle. Further, with the hoard, he will have red gold for the rest of his life. This article is about the Norse personification of fire. Loki tells Njörðr to maintain his moderation, and that he will not keep it secret any longer that Njörðr fathered this son with his sister (unnamed), although one would expect him to be worse than he turned out. The modern Icelandic pronunciation of Jörmungandur can be found here. A sexy mofo with a tragic backstory, Loki was (at least in the Marvel cinematic universe, I do not vouch for comics) left to die by his birth father Laufey, the king of the Frost Giants of Jotunheim, because he was the runt. Haukur concludes that if Lóðurr was historically considered an independent deity from Loki, then a discussion of when and why he became identified with Loki is appropriate. For some names, there is Definition of Norse mythology in the AudioEnglish.org Dictionary. Skaði fastened a venomous snake over Loki's face, and from it poison dripped. The prose introduction to Reginsmál details that, while the hero Sigurd was being fostered by Regin, son of Hreidmar, Regin tells him that once the gods Odin, Hœnir, and Loki went to Andvara-falls, which contained many fish. In stanza 35 of the Poetic Edda poem Völuspá, a völva tells Odin that, among many other things, she sees Sigyn sitting very unhappily with her bound husband, Loki, under a "grove of hot springs". Skrýmir awakes after each attempt, only to say that he detected an acorn falling on his head or that he wonders if bits of tree from the branches above have fallen on top of him. , Thor wakes up in the middle of the night, and a series of events occur where Thor twice attempts to kill the sleeping Skrýmir with his hammer. Family. The stone may point to a connection between Loki and smithing and flames. Loki then enters the hall, and everyone there falls silent upon noticing him.. , The goddess Iðunn interrupts, asking Bragi, as a service to his relatives and adopted relatives, not to say words of blame to Loki in Ægir's hall. Acknowledging that Thor has arrived, Loki asks Thor why he is raging, and says that Thor will not be so bold to fight against the wolf when he swallows Odin at Ragnarök. Ask (Aske, Askr): First man; created by Odin, … , Freyr himself interrupts at this point, and says that he sees a wolf lying before a river mouth, and that, unless Loki is immediately silent, like the wolf, Loki shall also be bound until Ragnarök. The second attempt awakes Skrýmir. Old Version: Pronunciation of Old Norse Gods' Names - YouTube The most popular supervillain in the Marvel movies at the moment. The son of two giants, Laufey and FARBAUTI, he was so outrageously mischievous that he even sneaked his way into becoming a God. Freyja, indignant and angry, goes into a rage, causing all of the halls of the Æsir to tremble in her anger, and her necklace, the famed Brísingamen, falls from her. At the falls, Loki spreads his net before Andvari (who is in the form of a pike), which Andvari jumps into. Asgard (Asgarth): Abode of gods. This is a list of the lesser known Gods in Norse mythology, some have minor roles while other have a more significant role but only little is known. High describes Loki as "pleasing and handsome" in appearance, malicious in character, "very capricious in behaviour", and as possessing "to a greater degree than others" learned cunning, and "tricks for every purpose", often getting the Æsir into trouble, and then getting them out of it with his trickery. Extremely patient long-suffering wife of Loki roasted on a linden-wood fire, he found it half-cooked; Loki has been depicted in or is referred to in an array of media in modern popular culture. Thor agrees to lift a large, gray cat in the hall but finds that it arches his back no matter what he does, and that he can raise only a single paw. Loki claims each of the gods and elves that are present have been Freyja's lover. , In stanza 54, after consuming Odin and being killed by Odin's son Víðarr, Fenrir is described as "Loki's kinsman". Andvari responds that lying men receive a "terrible requital": having to wade in the river Vadgelmir, and that their suffering will be long. The etymology of the name Loki has been extensively debated. , Thor arrives, and tells Loki to be silent, referring to him as an "evil creature", stating that with his hammer Mjöllnir he will silence Loki by hammering his head from his shoulders. Loki (pronounced “LOAK-ee;” Old Norse Loki, the meaning of which will be discussed below) is the wily trickster god of Norse mythology. Þorgeirsson also points to Þrymlur where the same identification is made with Loki and Lóðurr. (deity in Scandinavian mythology) divinità della mitologia nordica nf sostantivo femminile: Identifica un essere, un oggetto o un concetto che assume genere femminile: scrittrice, aquila, lampada, moneta, felicità: Old Norse (linguistics) In the conclusion of the first opera Das Rheingold, he reveals his hope to turn into fire and destroy Valhalla, and in the final opera Götterdämmerung Valhalla is set alight, destroying the Gods. Loki is referenced in two stanzas in Völuspá hin skamma, found within the poem Hyndluljóð. This, in itself, is enough to show how little scholars agree, and how far we are from understanding him. The possible reason why he was associated with fire is that his name “Loki” is believed to mean “flame”. Breaking the silence, Loki says that, thirsty, he had come to these halls from a long way away to ask the gods for a drink of "the famous mead". , In the 19th century, Loki was depicted in a variety of ways, some strongly at odds with others. Loki "could not bear to hear that", and kills the servant Fimafeng. , Loki appears in both prose and the first six stanzas of the poem Reginsmál. Loki is a trickster god and one of the most important adversaries of the Norse gods. By the jötunn Angrboða, Loki is the father of Hel, … Loki definition, a trickster god, born of Jotun ancestry but accepted among the Aesir as Odin's adopted brother: father of the monsters Fenrir, Hel, and the Midgard serpent, and the instigator of … , The builder goes into a rage, and when the Æsir realize that the builder is a hrimthurs, they disregard their previous oaths with the builder, and call for Thor. A newer and more likely etymology traced the name “Loki” to the Germanic words for “knot, loop, or tangle.” Such words have a literal connection to the deity—Loki was often depicted as a maker of fish —but also a deeper, metaphorical connection: Loki’s schemes were like webs that ensnared the unwary. Meaning of Norse mythology. Odin is NOT the god of gods. This name is also thought to be derived from “Logi”, but it is not yet proved by any actual reasonable linguistic basis. The two wrestle but the harder Thor struggles the more difficult the battle becomes. While many scholars agree with this identification, it is not universally accepted. Loki tells him to be silent, that Byggvir does not know how to apportion food among men, and that he hides among the straw and dais when men go to battle. , The next morning the group gets dressed and prepares to leave the keep. , The god Heimdallr says that Loki is drunk and witless, and asks Loki why he won't stop speaking. By the jötunn Angrboða, Loki is the father of Hel, the wolf Fenrir, and the world serpent Jörmungandr. Origin of Loki. Loki, in Norse Mythology, is primarily the Norse God of Mischief, although he also has other lesser known domains such as Temptation and Chaos. Hævatein the twig is named, and Lopt plucked it, Meaning of Loki. The Prose Edda book Gylfaginning tells various myths featuring Loki, including Loki's role in the birth of the horse Sleipnir and Loki's contest with Logi, fire personified. Loki is by some, called the god of mischief, but is that really true, is Loki really a god according to the sources in Norse mythology? Made of soapstone that originated in Norway or Sweden, the depiction was carved around the year 1000 CE and features a face with scarred lips. Anne Holtsmark, writing in 1962, concluded that no conclusion could be made about Loki. Hreidmar demands that it be covered as well. Andvari, now in the form of a dwarf, goes into a rock, and tells Loki that the gold will result in the death of two brothers, will cause strife between eight princes, and will be useless to everyone. Bragi responds that he will give a horse, sword, and ring from his possessions so that he does not repay the gods "with hatred". Thor turns to Loki first, and tells him that nobody knows that the hammer has been stolen. This scenario is otherwise unattested. The flying car bears the character of Loki, the notorious god in Norse mythology. Loki and Logi sit down on opposing sides. Otherwise, Loki had three children with the female jötunn Angrboða from Jötunheimr; the wolf Fenrir, the serpent Jörmungandr, and the female being Hel. , The "wretched sister" of the jötnar appears, asks for a bridal gift from "Freyja", and the jötnar bring out Mjöllnir to "sanctify the bride", to lay it on her lap, and marry the two by "the hand" of the goddess Vár. They (the Aesir) took three flat stones and, setting them on their edges, broke a hole through each of them. In addition, Loki is referred to as the father of Váli in Prose Edda, though this source also refers to Odin as the father of Váli twice, and Váli is found mentioned as a son of Loki only once. Odin declares this perverse. Thor arrives, and subsequently kills the builder by smashing the builder's skull into shards with the hammer Mjöllnir. He kills out of anger or other emotions. Calling the gods arrogant, Loki asks why they are unable to speak, and demands that they assign him a seat and a place for him at the feast, or tell him to leave. One of the world’s major Trickster Gods, in his early days Loki was a rascal; crafty, sneaky, silly and malicious — a Loki The Lad. , In Baldr draumar, Odin has awoken a deceased völva in Hel, and questions her repeatedly about his son Baldr's bad dreams. Odin responds that even if this is true, Loki (in a story otherwise unattested) once spent eight winters beneath the earth as a woman milking cows, and during this time bore children. The building turns out to be the huge glove of Skrymir, who has been snoring throughout the night, causing what seemed to be earthquakes. Loki's relation with the gods varies by source; Loki sometimes assists the gods and sometimes behaves maliciously towards them. Thor eats and drinks ferociously, consuming entire animals and three casks of mead. Loki consumed all of the meat off of the bones on his side, yet Logi had not only consumed his meat, but also the bones and the trencher itself. The two return to Freyja, and tell her to dress herself in a bridal head dress, as they will drive her to Jötunheimr. After some debate, the gods agree to these conditions, but place a number of restrictions on the builder, including that he must complete the work within three seasons without the help of any man. Sources indicated that Loki was originally a demon, or a Jotunn, since he born to two giants. Loki is known as the trickster god and deity of mayhem and mischief in Norse mythology. Andvari: Dwarf; robbed of gold and magic ring by Loki. At the thing, the god Heimdallr puts forth the suggestion that, in place of Freyja, Thor should be dressed as the bride, complete with jewels, women's clothing down to his knees, a bridal head-dress, and the necklace Brísingamen. Odin puts forth the ring Andvarinaut, covering the single hair. The Odin-kenning "Lóðurr's friend" furthermore appears to parallel the kenning "Loptr's friend" and Loki is similarly referred to as "Hœnir's friend" in Haustlöng, strengthening the trio connection. The stanzas of the poem then begin: Loki mocks Andvari, and tells him that he can save his head by telling Loki where his gold is. In Zealand the name "Lokke lejemand" ("Lokke the Playing Man") was used. Loki ( Old Norse: [ˈloki], Modern Icelandic: [ˈlɔːkɪ], often Anglicized as / ˈloʊki /) is a god in Norse mythology. Thor is finally brought down to a single knee. Loki says that Odin does a poor job in handing out honor in war to men, and that he's often given victory to the faint-hearted. Rather, the later Scandinavian variants of the name (such as Faroese Lokki, Danish Lokkemand, Norwegian Loke and Lokke, Swedish Luki and Luku, along with Finnish Lukki) point to an origin in the Germanic root *luk-, which denoted things to do with loops (like knots, hooks, closed-off rooms, and locks). Scholar Haukur Þorgeirsson suggests that Loki and Lóðurr were different names for the same deity based on that Loki is referred to as Lóður in the rímur Lokrur. Loki is mentioned in stanza 14, the final stanza of the poem, where the völva tells Odin to ride home, to be proud of himself, and that no one else will come visit until "Loki is loose, escaped from his bonds" and the onset of Ragnarök.. , Odin then asks his silent son Víðarr to sit up, so that Loki (here referred to as the "wolf's father") may sit at the feast, and so that he may not speak words of blame to the gods in Ægir's hall. , The goddess Freyja declares that Loki must be mad, stating that Frigg knows all fate, yet she does not speak it. Godchecker guide to Sigyn, the Norse Goddess of Mystery from Norse mythology. This corresponds with usages such as the Swedish lokkanät and Faroese Lokkanet ('cobweb', literally 'Lokke's web') and Faroese lokki~grindalokki~grindalokkur ('daddy-long-legs', associated in pre-modern folk-taxonomy with spiders). , The mid-11th century Gosforth Cross has been interpreted as featuring various figures from Norse mythology and, like the Kirkby Stephen Stone, is also located in Cumbria. As they leave, Útgarða-Loki asks Thor how he thought he fared in the contests. The audio quality is pretty clear. Define Loki. Vali(2): In response, the gods grab their shields, shrieking at Loki, and chase him out of the hall and to the woods. The largest pronunciation dictionary in the world. Newer Version, with Runes: https://youtu.be/4GcUphVrMjE A quick guide to the reconstructed/medieval (not Modern Icelandic) pronunciation of the names of the most famous gods, places, and heroes in Norse mythology.Dr. Loki (Old Norse: [ˈloki], Modern Icelandic: [ˈlɔːkɪ], often Anglicized as /ˈloʊki/) is a god in Norse mythology. Loki’s father was … n. Norse Mythology A god who created discord, especially among his fellow gods. High comments that "there is no report that the Æsir expressed hope for a happy reunion". That night, the builder drives out to fetch stone with his stallion Svaðilfari, and out from a wood runs a mare. Loki is in some sources the son of Fárbauti and Laufey, and the brother of Helblindi and Býleistr. No, Loki does not kill for fun. Loki counters that Odin once practiced seiðr (a type of sorcery) on the island of Samsey (now Samsø, Denmark), and, appearing as a wizard, traveled among mankind, which Loki condemns as perverse. The Easir changed Vali into a wolf, and he ripped apart his brother Narfi. Frigg responds that if there was a boy like her now-deceased son Baldr in the hall, Loki would not be able to escape from the wrath of the gods. Some Eastern Swedish traditions referring to the same figure use forms in n- like Nokk(e), but this corresponds to the *luk- etymology insofar as those dialects consistently used a different root, Germanic *hnuk-, in contexts where western varieties used *luk-: "nokke corresponds to nøkkel" ('key' in Eastern Scandinavian) "as loki~lokke to lykil" ('key' in Western Scandinavian). In an iron chest it lies with Sinmœra. Loki (pronounced LOAK-ee; Old Norse Loki, the meaning of which will be discussed below) is the wily trickster god of Norse mythology. Loki definition is - a Norse god who contrives evil and mischief for his fellow gods. The skaldic god Bragi is the first to respond to Loki by telling him that Loki will not have a seat and place assigned to him by the gods at the feast, for the gods know what men they should invite. , Early in the evening, the disguised Loki and Thor meet with Þrymr and the assembled jötnar. The serpent drips venom from above him that Sigyn collects into a bowl; however, she must empty the bowl when it is full, and the venom that drips in the meantime causes Loki to writhe in pain, thereby causing earthquakes. Loki tells Heimdallr to be silent, that he was fated a "hateful life", that Heimdallr must always have a muddy back, and serve as watchman of the gods. Víðarr stands and pours a drink for Loki. However, Loki "had such dealings" with Svaðilfari that "somewhat later" Loki gives birth to a gray foal with eight legs; the horse Sleipnir—"the best horse among gods and men. Lopt was impregnated by a wicked woman, He was the first anti-hero, quick-witting his way out of the tight corners and confrontations caused by his misdeeds. Útgarða-Loki appears, has his servants prepare a table, and they all merrily eat and drink. , Loki is more formally introduced by High in chapter 34, where he is "reckoned among the Æsir", and High states that Loki is called by some "the Æsir's calumniator", "originator of deceits", and "the disgrace of all gods and men". , Regarding scholarship on Loki, scholar Gabriel Turville-Petre comments (1964) that "more ink has been spilled on Loki than on any other figure in Norse myth. Forseti (pronounced “for-SET-ee;” Old Norse Forseti, “Chairman”) is an obscure pre-Christian Norse god. Once made by the doors of death; Thor invites the peasant family who own the farm to share with him the meal he has prepared, but warns them not to break the bones. Loki tells Tyr to be silent a second time, and states that Tyr's wife (otherwise unattested) had a son by Loki, and that Tyr never received any compensation for this "injury", further calling him a "wretch". , In the second of the two stanzas, Loki is referred to as Lopt. ", In chapter 44, Third reluctantly relates a tale where Thor and Loki are riding in Thor's chariot, which is pulled by his two goats. Haukur says that unless the possible but unlikely idea that the 14th- and 15th-century poets possessed written sources unknown to us is true, the idea must have come from either an unlikely amount of sources from where the poets could have drawn a similar conclusion that Loki and Lóðurr are identical (like some recent scholars) or that remnants of an oral tradition remained. This hover concept car dubbed ‘Loki’ is from that very realm giving us the opportunity to let loose our imagination. The stone is housed and on display at the Moesgård Museum near Aarhus, Denmark. Tricked and guided by Loki, he shot the mistletoe arrow which was to slay the otherwise invulnerable Baldr. The first stanza notes that Loki produced "the wolf" with the jötunn Angrboða, that Loki himself gave birth to the horse Sleipnir by the stallion Svaðilfari, and that Loki (referred to as the "brother of Býleistr") thirdly gave birth to "the worst of all marvels". In their terror, the family atones to Thor by giving Thor their son Þjálfi and their daughter Röskva. Sometimes he is helpful to them, but other times he insults them, causes trouble, and during Ragnarok leads the giants into battle against Asgard. Loki, in the form of a mare, was impregnated by the stallion Svaðilfari and gave birth to the eight-legged horse Sleipnir. Loki responds that he has bad news for both the elves and the Æsir: that Thor's hammer, Mjöllnir, is gone. we mixed our blood together? He was never worshiped by the ancestors and the only reference that he was even divine is only in the Eddas, which is heavily Christianized. Eldir responds that "if shouting and fighting you pour out on" to the gods, "they'll wipe it off on you". , Loki returns, and the three gods give Hreidmar the money from the gold hoard and flatten out the otter skin, stretch out its legs, and heap gold atop it, covering it. According to Stefan Arvidssen, "the conception of Loki varied during the nineteenth century. In turn, Þjálfi races against a figure by the name of Hugi three times and thrice loses. The name “Loki” has long been likened to the Old Norse logi, meaning “fire.” While Loki, like fire, was destructive and unpredictable, the similarity between the two words was probably incidental. The main argument for this is that the gods Odin, Hœnir and Loki occur as a trio in Haustlöng, in the prose prologue to Reginsmál and also in the Loka Táttur a Faroese ballad, an example of Norse deities appearing in later folklore. An example from 1841 reads as follows: And in Thy, from the same source: "... when you look at the horizon in clear weather and sunshine, and the air seems to move in shimmering waves, or like a sheet of water which seems to rise and sink in waves." This glossary of Norse Mythology gives brief descriptions of the many characters involved in the stories and legends of Norse mythology. Compound Forms/Forme composte: Inglese: Italiano: Norse god n noun: Refers to person, place, thing, quality, etc. Sometimes he was presented as a dark-haired Semitic fifth columnist among the Nordic Aesir, but sometimes he was described as a Nordic Prometheus, a heroic bearer of culture". Loki definition: the god of mischief and destruction | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples Loki replies that Bragi is brave when seated, calling him a "bench-ornament", and that Bragi would run away when troubled by an angry, spirited man. , Loki is sent to retrieve the gold, and Loki goes to the goddess Rán, borrows her net, and then goes back to the Andvara-falls. Upon seeing the skin, Regin and Hreidmar "seized them and made them ransom their lives" in exchange for filling the otterskin bag the gods had made with gold and covering the exterior of the bag with red gold. The first of the four theories is that of Folke Ström, who in 1956 concluded that Loki is a hypostasis of the god Odin. Freyja agrees, saying she would lend it even if it were made of silver and gold, and Loki flies off, the feather cloak whistling. Andvari gives some background information about himself, including that he was cursed by a "norn of misfortune" in his "early days". , The contests, too, were an illusion. , After riding together in Thor's goat-driven chariot, the two, disguised, arrive in Jötunheimr. (According to the prose introduction to the poem Tyr is now one-handed from having his arm bitten off by Loki's son Fenrir while Fenrir was bound.) The goddess Skaði says that while Loki now appears light-hearted and "playing" with his "tail-wagging", he will soon be bound with his ice-cold son's guts on a sharp rock by the gods. Taking several animal forms, from a salmon to a seal to a fly, Loki is alternately friend and foe of the gods. Tyr responds that while he may have lost a hand, Loki has lost the wolf, and trouble has come to them both. The mare runs to the wood, Svaðilfari follows, and the builder chases after. , As a result, the gods and goddesses meet and hold a thing to discuss and debate the matter. According to the Prose Edda, written by Snorri Sturluson in the 13th century and perhaps our best resource, Loki is the son of two giants and brother of Helblindi and Býleistr, and a foster-brother to Odin. Loki's consumption of a woman's heart is otherwise unattested.. The gods realized that these three children were being raised in Jötunheimr, and expected trouble from them partially due to the nature of Angrboða, but worse yet Loki. Loki says that, even if this is his fate, that he was "first and foremost" with the other gods at the killing of Skaði's father, Þjazi. In the poem, Fjölsviðr describes to the hero Svipdagr that Sinmara keeps the weapon Lævateinn within a chest, locked with nine strong locks (due to significant translation differences, two translations of the stanza are provided here): "Lævatein is there, that Lopt with runes , Minus the goats, Thor, Loki, and the two children continue east until they arrive at a vast forest in Jötunheimr. 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